Choose The Best Plants For Your Pond...

Choose The Best Plants For Your Pond

Pond plants are a relatively easy way to add depth and color to your pond. Most ponds feature plants, but pond owners may struggle to decide which plants to add to their ponds. There are many benefits to pond plants beyond aesthetics.

The Benefits of Pond Plants

The plants in your pond play a vital role in your pond’s ecosystem. They provide shelter for creatures like frogs or fish. They can also cut down on the maintenance of your pond. Your aquatic plants will absorb many of the harmful chemicals in your pond, promoting a healthy environment. These chemicals may include:

  • Phosphates
  • Nitrates
  • Ammonium
  • Certain metals

They also provide oxygen not only to the air, but also to the water in your pond. This combination of providing oxygen and removing harmful chemicals significantly improves the overall water quality in your pond. Improved water quality means less stress on your fish and other plants as well. Another benefit is that they compete with algae, cutting down on overall algae growth.

Keep in mind that although pond plants serve a filtration function, they will not replace pond pumps or filtration equipment.

How to Choose the Right Plants for Your Pond

Every pond is different, and this could be because every pond is a reflection of the water gardener who cares for it. That means that some plants may not fit your personal tastes or needs. There are generally four types of pond plants, and each has its own advantages and drawbacks.

1.      Submerged Plants. These plants are completely under water. They make great hiding spots for fish and act as natural filters. They require little to no maintenance. However, they will not make a statement because they are difficult to see.

2.      Marginal or Bog Plants. If you are looking to brighten up your pond, a marginal or bog plant might be a good addition. These will grow in the shallow water of the pond or along the edges, and still help filter the water. These may need extra potting soil to thrive.

3.      Deep Water Plants. This plant type includes the well-known Water Lily and Lotus plants. These plants appear to float on the surface, but they actually have long root systems that reach the bottom of your pond. They do not do well as filtration, but they provide shade and a traditional pond look.

4.      Floating Plants. These plants actually do float, with short roots that act as great filters. They are easy to care for and have many of the same advantages as the deep water plants. Some will even provide flowers, adding color and dimension to your pond.

pond boss® has been in the business of helping DIY pond enthusiasts create ideal outdoor water gardening spaces for years. Find more tips, tricks, and suggestions to make your pond happy, healthy, and looking great at


Helen Nash and Steve Stroupe, Complete Guide to Water Garden Plants (New York: Sterling Publishing, Inc., 2003).

Alan Bridgewater and Gill Bridgewater, The Pond Specialist: The Essential Guide to Designing, Building, Improving and Maintaining Ponds and Water Features, 36-44 (London: New Holland Publishers, 2008).

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